GUIDE
May 10, 2022
Surgical Nurse Salary Guide

Surgical nurses, also known as operating room nurses, are a type of nursing specialty that works directly in an operating room. Surgical nurses take care of patients prior to, during, and after surgery or other medical procedures. Read on to find out the average surgical nurse salary, and what factors will impact how much you can earn as a surgical nurse. 

Part One How Much Do Surgical Nurses Make?

Average Surgical Nurse Salary

Salary.com reports that the median annual surgical nurse salary is $99,653 annually. While ZipRecruiter estimates that surgical nurses in the U.S. earned an average annual salary of  $74,004 or $36 per hour. 

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Surgical Nurse Salary Ranges

Surgical nurse income salary ranges can vary widely.

ZipRecruiter found that the majority of surgical nurses earned between $58,000 and $93,500. However, salaries for surgical nurses earning in the top 10% made as much as $102,500.

Salary.com reports that most surgical nurse salaries ranged from $90,156 to $111,018. However, they also report that surgical nurse salaries can range from as low as $81,510 (bottom 10%) to as high as $121,365 (top 10%).

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Surgical Nurse Salary vs Average Registered Nurse Salary 

Depending on the source, surgical nurses may earn a much higher annual salary than the average registered nurse in the US.

The BLS states that the average nurse salary in 2021 was $77,600. In contrast, salary.com reports that the average surgical nurse salary in 2022 is $99,653 annually. 

ZipRecruiter, however, states that the average surgical nurse salary is about $74,004, with the top earners making $102,500 annually or $49 per hour.

Part Two Surgical Nurse Salary by State

State Annual Salary Hourly Wage
New York $82,317 $39.58
New Hampshire $79,763 $38.35
California $78,947 $37.96
Vermont $75,359 $36.23
Idaho $74,375 $35.76
Massachusetts $73,893 $35.53
Wyoming $73,528 $35.35
Maine $73,007 $35.10
Washington $71,962 $34.60
Hawaii $71,820 $34.53
West Virginia $71,530 $34.39
Pennsylvania $70,320 $33.81
Connecticut $70,115 $33.71
Montana $69,571 $33.45
New Jersey $69,149 $33.24
Rhode Island $68,900 $33.12
Arizona $68,856 $33.10
Indiana $68,415 $32.89
Alaska $68,336 $32.85
North Dakota $67,895 $32.64
Maryland $67,840 $32.62
Nevada $67,798 $32.60
Tennessee $66,932 $32.18
Minnesota $66,923 $32.17
Wisconsin $66,808 $32.12
Nebraska $66,745 $32.09
Ohio $66,446 $31.95
Georgia $66,423 $31.93
South Dakota $65,912 $31.69
Virginia $65,870 $31.67
Utah $65,471 $31.48
Oregan $64,929 $31.22
Louisiana $64,901 $31.20
Alabama $64,870 $31.19
Kansas $64,011 $30.77
South Carolina $63,754 $30.65
Iowa $63,743 $30.65
Colorado $63,544 $30.55
New Mexico $63,492 $30.52
Delaware $63,405 $30.48
Missouri $63,085 $30.33
Florida $62,604 $30.10
Oklahoma $62,033 $29.82
Kentucky $60,806 $28.38
Mississippi $59,972 $28.83
Arkansas $59,688 $28.70
Michigan $59,626 $28.67
Illinois $59,365 $28.54
Texas $59,021 $28.38
North Carolina $54,327 $26.12

Source ZipRecruiter

Part Three Surgical Nurse Salary by Years of Experience

According to payscale.com, surgical nurses earn about $58,000 per year and can expect to earn a higher per hour salary with more experience:

  1. Less than one year: $28.38/hr
  2. 1 to 4 years: $29.20/hr
  3. 5 to 9 years: $31.95/hr
  4. 10 to 19 years: $35.59/hr
  5. Over 20 years: $40.84/hr

Part Four Surgical Nurse Salary by Work Setting

Surgical nurses work with surgeons in a variety of settings that perform surgeries, including:

  • Hospitals
  • Recovery rooms
  • Outpatient surgery centers
  • Medical-surgical units
  • Clinics
  • Doctor’s office

Surgical nurses usually earn higher wages working in the hospital or outpatient surgical center setting than in a doctor’s office. Hospitals generally offer a higher salary, a wider range of benefits, overtime hour opportunities, and shift differential pay for working nights or weekends. 

Surgical nurse salaries can also vary depending on the city and cost of living where you work. Nurses who work in larger cities also usually earn higher wages than those who work in smaller towns due to an increased cost of living.

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Part Five How to Increase Your Salary as a Surgical Nurse

To maximize your earning potential as a surgical nurse, you may want to consider one of the following:

Advancing Your Education

Your level of education plays a huge role in your earning potential as a surgical nurse. Many surgical nurses become licensed and start their careers with an associate or bachelor's degree. 

Fortunately, there are also many attainable options to continue nursing education while working part-time or full-time as a surgical nurse. 

There are several nursing degree levels to choose from:

Certifications

Many employers offer an increase in hourly wage if a surgical nurse becomes a certified perioperative nurse (CNOR). 

Masters prepared surgical nurses can become certified by preparing for and passing the Clinical Nurse Specialist Perioperative Certification Exam (CNS-CP). 

Earning a specialty certification validates a nurse’s competency as a perioperative nurse. In addition, it lets employers and patients know that you have specialty nursing expertise in perioperative care.

Another benefit is that certification can equate to more money in your pocket in several ways:

  • Higher per hour salary
  • More career enhancement and upward mobility
  • Employers are more likely to hire surgical nurses who are certified, which may allow you to choose between higher-paying jobs

Negotiate

Experienced surgical nurses may have an opportunity to negotiate a higher salary during the hiring process. 

Some healthcare facilities may have a set pay structure for new employees. But if the employer is experiencing a nursing shortage and struggling to hire experienced nurses there may be some room to negotiate.

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Travel

Travel nurses can often get the best of both worlds: the opportunity to travel to new cities and, in many cases, higher pay.

Surgical or perioperative travel nurses take short-term assignments at hospitals, surgery centers, or other health care facilities to help with nursing shortage gaps. 

As opposed to earning a per hour rate with benefits, travel nurses earn a “total pay package,” which usually includes:

  • Hourly base pay
  • Sign-on bonuses
  • Travel reimbursements
  • Housing, food, mileage stipends
  • Retirement benefits
  • Other job-related expenses

How You Work

Career Nurse

Career nurses are full-time or part-time nursing staff. Career nurses most commonly earn an hourly wage plus a benefits package including retirement benefits, paid time off, and other benefits.

Some career nurses spend their entire careers working at the same medical facility. Others may work at several different hospitals. 

Either way, career nurses generally earn a higher per hour rate for each year they work in the profession. Hourly pay and benefits can vary depending on the employer.

Per Diem

Per diem nurses work “by the day,” which means they get paid for the days they work, but not for the days they don’t.

For this reason, per diem nurses usually make a higher per-hour rate for their flexibility with scheduling. However, they also don’t have a benefits package like career nurses do. Per diem nurses usually don’t get retirement benefits, vacation time, or paid time off. 

Contract

A contract nurse is a full-time nurse who signs a contract to work at a hospital for a specified period of time. This time can be for as little as four weeks to as long as six months. Once the contract is up, nurses have the option to sign another contract (if they are still needed) or work at another hospital.

One of the cost benefits of working as a surgical contract nurse is you will usually have guaranteed full-time hours during the contract. This means that even if you are called off for some reason, you still get paid for your shift. 

One example of a contract nurse is a travel nurse. But there are also opportunities to work as a contract nurse in the city where you live without traveling. 

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Additional Compensation

Overtime

Nurses who work overtime are entitled to increased pay. In most cases, this means working over 40 hours a week. 

For example, full-time for an RN is usually about three 12-hour shifts a week, or 36 hours. Picking up another 12-hour shift would put you at 48 hours for the week - 8 of those hours would be considered “overtime.”

Also, if a nurse stays longer than their scheduled 12-hour shift, facilities will increase the hourly rate for each hour the nurse stays.

Overtime wages differ per facility, but they are usually one and a half to three times the normal hourly wage. 

Shift Differential

A shift differential is extra pay for working weekends, holidays, evenings, or night shifts. Shift differentials usually increase a normal hourly wage by a few additional dollars. 

Most surgeries are scheduled first thing in the morning. Therefore working evening or weekend shifts might also be less stressful, which may appeal to some surgical nurses. 

Bonuses

Most nurses do not receive bonuses unless it is offered a sign-on bonus as an incentive to take a new position at a facility. Bonuses can range from several hundred dollars to several thousand.

Read the terms clearly when you accept a sign-on bonus. Many hospitals will require that you stay working full-time at their facility for two to five years to keep the bonus. If you want to leave beforehand, you will often have to pay the bonus back. 

Hazard Pay

Hazard pay is extra compensation above the normal compensation for nurses who work in physically harder or dangerous conditions, such as severely understaffed hospitals with COVID-19 patients.

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Part Six Has Covid-19 Affected the Salary for Surgical Nurses?

Many hospitals found themselves without enough nursing staff to care for the influx of infected COVID patients. This increased demand for nurses of all specialties to work overtime hours or take double or triple-salary travel positions.

In addition, some nurses also left the field due to increased burnout and stress, or fear of contracting the virus and infecting loved ones.

Nurse salaries as a whole have risen due to the higher demand for nursing services during the COVID-19 pandemic. According to healthcare consultants Premier, who analyse nursing income for the Wall Street Journal, the average annual nursing salary rose 4 percent in 2021. That estimate also did not include bonus pay or overtime pay.

Part Seven Surgical Nurse Education Costs

Nursing school to become a surgical nurse is a major financial investment. The average cost to go to nursing school varies depending on where you live and whether you want to pursue an ADN or a BSN. 

  • ADN Programs 

    • These programs take two years to complete at a community college or technician school. ADN programs can range from $6,000 to $20,000.
  • BSN Programs

    • These programs take four years to complete at a public or private four-year university. A BSN can cost anywhere from $35,000 to $100,000.

Tuition cost also depends on several factors such as your program lengths, your city and state, and your school's reputation. 

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Part Eight Salaries of Related Nursing Careers

Surgical Tech - $49,710 

According to the BLS, the median pay for surgical techs was $49,710 annually or $23.90 per hour. In addition, the job outlook is good, with an expected need for an additional 9,500 surgical techs between 2020 and 2030. 

Med Surg Nurse - $88,025

According to ZipRecruiter, medical-surgical nurses in the U.S. earn a median average salary of $88,025 per year or $42 per hour.

Salary.com reports that medical-surgical nurses make an average annual income of $99,653. However, they add that most medical-surgical nurses' annual incomes range between $90,156 and $111,018.

Part Nine Surgical Nurse Salary FAQs

  • How long does it take to be a surgical nurse?

    • Surgical nurses must graduate from an accredited ADN or BSN nursing program. An ADN program takes two years to complete and BSN programs take four years to complete.
  • Which nurse has the highest salary?

    • The highest-paid nurse is a Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA). CRNA’s earn about $183,580 annually or $88.26/hr. CRNA’s are highly trained in preparing and administering anesthesia and work with surgeons and anesthesiologists. 
  • Do surgical nurses make more money?

    • Depending on the source, surgical nurses may earn a much higher annual salary than the average registered nurse in the US.
  • What does a surgical nurse do?

    • Surgical nurses, also known as operating room nurses, are a type of nursing specialty that works directly in an operating room. Surgical nurses take care of patients before, during, and after surgery or other medical procedures. 
  • What does it take to be a scrub nurse?

    • Scrub nursing requires that nurses pay great attention to detail. Surgery can also be stressful, especially if the surgeon is performing a life-saving procedure. 
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